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Screening Of Plant And Fungal Metabolites In Wheat search results:

Screening of plant and fungal metabolites in wheat, maize ...

The same approach was utilized by authors to screen plant and fungal metabolites in wheat, maize and animal feed, using an empirical database of over 600 metabolites [64]. The wide applicability ...

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Targeted Screening of Fungal and Plant Metabolites in ...

We describe a method that can be applied, for targeted screening of 21 fungal and plant metabolites with automated online sample cleanup utilizing a Thermo Scientific Transcend system coupled to a Thermo Scientific Exactive high-resolution mass spectrometer. This method has been validated according to current EU Commission legislation (2006, 2007).

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SCREENING OF ANTIMICROBIAL AND ... - Plant Protection

JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION RESEARCH Vol. 53, No. 2 (2013) DOI: 10.2478/jppr-2013-0019 *Corresponding address: [email protected] SCREENING OF ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT SECONDARY METABOLITES FROM ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM WHEAT (TRITICUM DURUM) Nouari Sadrati, Harzallah Daoud*, Amina Zerroug, Saliha Dahamna, Saddek

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The screening and identification of the biological control ...

Bipolaris sorokiniana is a soil-borne fungal pathogen causing common root rot in wheat, and is difficult to control through chemical and agricultural means. Chaetomium spp. have been documented as potential biological control agents for plant diseases. In this study, seven Chaetomium strains were sc

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Metabolomics analysis of grains of wheat infected and ...

Sep 23, 2021  Additionally, prostaglandin has a role in increasing other fungal metabolites, including tyrosine, phenylalanine and other secondary metabolites 40,41. 9-Hydroxyoctadecaenoic acid (9

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Mass Spectrometry Identifies Plant and Fungal Metabolites ...

Nov 05, 2013  Ates, E. (2014) ‘Screening of plant and fungal metabolites in wheat, maize, and animal feed using automated on-line clean-up coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry.’ Food Chemistry, 142, 276–284; Zachariasova, M.et al. (2010).

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Metabolomics and Secondary Metabolite Profiling of ...

Jun 16, 2015  Ates E, Godula M, Stroka J, Senyuva H (2014) Screening of plant and fungal metabolites in wheat, maize and animal feed using automated on-line clean-up coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry. Food Chem 142(0):276–284 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar

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Selecting for useful properties of plants and fungi ...

1 INTRODUCTION. For millennia, humans have used plants and fungi as foods, fuels, fibers, and medicines. Early humans gathered plant and fungal materials from the wild, but agriculture has been practiced for at least 11,500 years (Fernie Yan, 2019; Meyer Purugganan, 2013).Humans have not only cultivated these species, but also sought, by casual selection and deliberate breeding, to improve ...

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Selection of fungal endophytes with biocontrol potential ...

May 01, 2020  Here, we show that naturally occurring fungal endophytes isolated from healthy wheat spikes in areas with high levels of FHB can reduce disease severity and pathogen growth inside wheat spikes. Similarly, we found that a detached spikelets assay (Comby et al., 2017) is a fast and reliable screening method for fungal biocontrol candidates.

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Screening of Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Secondary ...

journal of plant protection research. vol. 53, no. 2 (2013) doi: 10.2478/jppr-2013-0019. screening of antimicrobial and antioxidant secondary metabolites from endophytic fungi isolated from wheat

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Frontiers Antioxidant Secondary Metabolites in Cereals ...

Introduction. Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) of small-grain cereals such as wheat and barley and Gibberella Ear Rot (GER) and Fusarium Ear Rot (FER) of maize are three devastating fungal diseases affecting crops worldwide. Both FHB and GER are caused by the same Fusarium species on wheat and maize respectively, Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum being the most predominant in Europe ...

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Screening of indigenous rhizobacteria as potential ...

Nov 01, 2021  Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a grain legume crop widely cultivated in the highlands of Ethiopia as the main source of protein for human nutrition (Asfaw et al. 2018).In recent years the newly emerged faba bean gall disease caused by plant debris and soil-borne fungal pathogen (Olpidium viciae Kusano) becomes one of the major faba bean production constraints in faba bean growing areas at an ...

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Screening of local wheat varieties and associated seed ...

Section of Plant Pathology and Nematology,Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India _____ ABSTRACT A screening study was made in order to evaluate the infection and identification of different fungal genera associated with storage wheat varieties. Total loss due to seed-borne diseases is up to an extent of 30-75%.

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Metabolism of the Fusarium Mycotoxins T-2 Toxin and HT-2 ...

Sep 09, 2015  SIL workflows have been recently applied in conjunction with HRMS to investigate the metabolism of DON in wheat and identification of novel plant-derived DON-metabolites. 18 This approach has also been useful for the characterization of the fungal secondary metabolomes of Aspergillus fumigatus and F. graminearum. 20

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FOOD SAFETY AND CONTROL

Increase in capacity of plant To provide the high quality milled products ... MYCOTOXIN IN WHEAT Mycotoxins are fungal secondary toxic metabolites and are major food safety concern ... Screening . HACCP : FLOUR HANDLING AND PACKING Re-Sifter Wheat Flour Magnet

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Screening, identification, and colonization of fungal root ...

Sep 10, 2020  The goal of the present research was to ascertain the potential root endophytic fungi against Dematophora necatrix, Hartig, the causal pathogen of white root rot in apples; however, it has an expanded range of hosts across different fruit trees. Out of 36 endophytic fungi segregated from symptomless roots of apple, wheat, maize, marigold, cherry, and garlic plants, only 9 isolates showed ...

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Metabolomics and Secondary Metabolite Profiling of ...

Jun 16, 2015  Ates E, Godula M, Stroka J, Senyuva H (2014) Screening of plant and fungal metabolites in wheat, maize and animal feed using automated on-line clean-up coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry. Food Chem 142(0):276–284 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar

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Screening and isolation of antinematodal metabolites ...

Sixty crude cultural filtrates of thirty fresh water fungi individually grown in both Potato Dextrose broth and GPC broth were assayedin vitro for antinematodal activity againstBursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner et Buhrer) Nickle using immersion test. Filtrates fromCamposporium quercicola YMF1.01300,Periconia digitata YMF1.00948,Caryospora callicarpa YMF1.01026 grown in both PDB

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In vitro screening and in silico prediction of antifungal ...

Jul 20, 2020  The main objective of this study was to identify the antifungal metabolites from Achromobacter kerstersii JKP9, a rhizosphere bacterium isolated from tomato cultivations, inhibiting the melanin biosynthetic pathways in vascular wilt pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol). To achieve this objective, all the rhizobacterial morphotypes were screened for plant-growth-promoting

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Antibacterial and antifungal activities from leaf extracts ...

Antibacterial and antifungal activities of plant part extracts against four pathogenic bacteria (two Gram-positive and negative) and three pathogenic fungi were investigated by the agar disk diffusion method.[29–31] Antimicrobial activity testing was carried out by using agar cup method. Each purified extracts were dissolved in dimethyl ...

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Special Issue "Positive and Negative Plant–Fungal ...

Dec 31, 2020  Some of the Rh-like fungi affected the growth of plant pathogens in vitro, then the interaction with plants was tested. Beneficial effect was especially noted in the pot experiments, where wheat plants were negatively influenced by F. culmorum. Inoculation with S. indica caused higher dry shoot biomass in comparison to plants treated with ...

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Biology and Life Sciences Forum Free Full-Text ...

Crop growth in acidic soils is limited by toxicity of Al and/or Mn and deficiency of phosphorus (P). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) improve host water and nutrient acquisition, particularly P. When colonization is initiated from an intact extraradical mycelium (ERM), shoot P levels increase, depending on the plant species associated with ERM development (Developer).

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The Algal Polysaccharide Ulvan Induces Resistance in Wheat ...

Ulvan Protects Wheat Against Z. tritici and Reduces Both Host Colonization and Fungal Sporulation. The protection efficacy of ulvan in wheat against Z. tritici was evaluated in the greenhouse by spraying wheat plants of cv. Alixan with the fungus 2 days before inoculation. The first STB disease symptoms (chlorotic blotches and necrotic spots) appeared at 14 and 16 dai on the water- and ulvan ...

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(PDF) Isolation and screening of endophytic fungus from ...

screening of antimicrobial and antioxidant secondary metabolites from endophytic fungi isolated from wheat References (triticum durum), 2013. 1. Alexopoulos CJ, Mims CW, Blackwell M. 19.

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FOOD SAFETY AND CONTROL

Increase in capacity of plant To provide the high quality milled products ... MYCOTOXIN IN WHEAT Mycotoxins are fungal secondary toxic metabolites and are major food safety concern ... Screening . HACCP : FLOUR HANDLING AND PACKING Re-Sifter Wheat Flour Magnet

More

screening and identification of the biological control ...

Oct 04, 2018  Abstract. Bipolaris sorokiniana is a soil-borne fungal pathogen causing common root rot in wheat, and is difficult to control through chemical and agricultural means.Chaetomium spp. have been documented as potential biological control agents for plant diseases. In this study, seven Chaetomium strains were screened for their abilities to control B. sorokiniana on agar plates.

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Wheat Disease Identification - CropWatch

This fungal disease causes wheat to die prematurely, resulting in patches of white heads in otherwise green fields of wheat. Plants infected by take-all normally have a black discoloration of the lower stem and roots. Frequently, the disease is most severe in wet areas of a field and near field edges where the fungus survives in

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Antibacterial and antifungal activities from leaf extracts ...

Antibacterial and antifungal activities of plant part extracts against four pathogenic bacteria (two Gram-positive and negative) and three pathogenic fungi were investigated by the agar disk diffusion method.[29–31] Antimicrobial activity testing was carried out by using agar cup method. Each purified extracts were dissolved in dimethyl ...

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Evaluation of culture media for the production of ...

of fungal secondary metabolites. In the industrial setting, optimization of growing conditions can lead to significantly increased production of a compound of interest. Such optimization becomes challenging in a drug-discovery screening situation, as the ideal conditions for one organism may induce poor metabolic diversity for a different organism.

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Breeding for Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat ...

and general plant vigour seemed associated with wheat scab severity and that the infection started in the wheat florets. An early compre- ... and other toxic fungal metabolites that pose a health risk to human and animals (Kang Buchenauer, 1999). ... Genetic variation for FHB resistance in wheat As a result of screening large collections of ...

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Plant biotransformation of T2 and HT2 toxin in cultured ...

Oct 04, 2019  The present study aimed at elucidating the uptake and biotransformation of T2 and HT2 toxins in five cultivars of durum wheat, by means of cultured plant

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Evaluation of culture media for the production of ...

Dec 17, 2013  Fungi provide a plentiful and diverse source of unique and often bioactive metabolites, and they have produced a number of medicinally important compounds, including penicillin, mevinolin (Lovastatin) (Gloer, 2007), fingolimod (Strader et al., 2011), and caspofungin (Keating Figgitt, 2003).The search for new and active compounds from microbial sources is a pursuit for many natural

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Isolation and screening of biopotential endophytic fungi ...

Isolation and screening of biopotential endophytic fungi from Cassia siamea tree. Divyadharsini L. Department of Plant Biotechnology, Centre for Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641003. Dr. Ravindra Nath Kharwar. Professor, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 ...

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Phylogenetic and plant-growth-promoting characteristics of ...

Feb 02, 2016  Plant growth promoting traits of isolates. Screening results of PGP traits of different Bacillus strains are shown in Figs. 1 and 2.NH 3 production occurred in the majority of strains (85 %) at greater rates, as assessed by the change in the intensity of the color to yellow from orange, after addition of Nessler reagent. The ability to solubilise phosphates was detected in 77 % of the isolates ...

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Evaluation of multi-trait plant growth promoting ...

May 01, 2016  The inoculation of wheat plants with a mixture of bacterial isolates and fungal strains, generated a weak attack of pathogens. However, the percentage of plants inoculated only by F.culmorum having a score of symptoms [greater than or equal to] 2 was observed on 90% compared to those inoculated with F.pseudograminearum only; the percentage ...

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Evaluation of λ-Carrageenan, CpG-ODN, Glycine Betaine ...

Jan 08, 2019  Wheat is the most cultivated crop in Europe and in the world, with up to 734 million tons produced in 2015 to 2016 (Fones and Gurr 2015; Satger 2016).However, this monocotyledonous plant must face a threatening disease in the field: Septoria tritici blotch (STB), caused by the fungal pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici (teleomorph: Mycosphaerella graminicola) (Torriani et al. 2015).

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